Like all Oxford Colleges, Worcester is an independent self-governing institution established by Royal Charter within the University of Oxford. 

The Governing Body is chaired by the Provost. Its membership comprises all Official Fellows (Tutorial and Non-Tutorial) and Professorial Fellows (persons whose posts are Statutory Professorships of the University or are similarly ranked by it, and are permanently attached to this College). There are four categories of Fellowship – Research, Supernumerary, Emeritus and Honorary – of which the first two may be elected to membership of the Governing Body. The present membership of Governing Body and Research Fellows can be viewed on the Our People page.

The Governing Body has regular meetings each term. In addition, the Governing Body is serviced by a range of committees and much of the business will arise from their reports and/or recommendations. As Trustees, Governing Body Fellows are required to take an active part in the governance of the College, and are expected to attend meetings where major questions of College policy are decided.

The College is constituted and regulated according to:

The College is a constituent college within the University of Oxford's governance structure, and a member of the Conference of Colleges.

See College Policies and Procedures.